When you think of “sugar”, you most likely think of table sugar, which comes in white crystals. But you might be surprised to know that this is just one variety of sugar called sucrose. There are six other types of sugars which are also relatively abundant. All sugars are carbohyrates. A simple sugar is a monosaccharide. Fructose is one of them. Fructose the the sweetener of all fruits, and is known as fruit sugar. It is also found in honey. Next is a very popular sugar, known as glucose. Glucose is a simple sugar that plants can consume. Glucose is special because it is the simplest carbohydrate. After glucose is galactose. Galactose is just about as sweet as glucose, and both of them together form our next sugar, lactose. Lactose is different from all the previous sugars because it is a complex sugar, a disaccharide. Now that we are on the topic of complex sugars, we should circle back to the original sugar mentioned, which is sucrose. Sucrose is a combination of glucose and fructose. After that is maltose, which is when there are two glucose units that are linked. Finally, we have xylose which exists outside of this family tree. Funnily enough, xylose is the sugar found in wood and bark. These sugars have different nutritional benefits and are formed differently. Stay healthy!
In the animal kingdom, animals require different supplements and follow different diets. Some animals only eat meat, which is carnivorous. Some animals only eat plants, which is herbivorous. Humans are an omnivorous species, which means they can eat meat and plants. But some people have different dietary requirements. There are a few common diets which humans follow, some being omnivorous, others herbivorous. A plain omnivorous diet can eat all types of meats, plants, and animal products. This is the most common diet which most people follow. If you take away a few things, you get a pescatarian. Pescatarians can only eat fish meat. Some pescatarians also eat white meat, pollo-pescatarians. The general division between a pescatarian and an omnivore is red meat. A step after pescetarianism is vegetarianism, someone who cuts out all meat products. The final step is veganism. The difference between vegetarianism and veganism is animal products. To explain further, animal products are all the items that animals make. This includes eggs, milk, honey, and any food that comes from animal bones. At the end of the day, people need to choose a diet that they think works for them. Remember to eat good food and stay healthy!